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A weblog about my family search and genealogical journey. My ancestors and relatives, findings and wild goose chases, dead ends and brick walls, climbing trees and seeking dead people, sources and resources, and more...


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Sunday, February 23, 2014

11. Martha S. Bartlett Collins #Generation 4 #52ancestors

Left to right: Augusta Bartlett (King), Sarah Bartlett (Manning), and Martha Bartlett (Collins). They were the daughters of George and Nancy King Bartlett of Copper Hill, (Floyd County) Virginia. All of the photographs on this page were taken in 1889. 

Martha S. Bartlett was the daughter of George Riley Bartlett and Nancy Rachel King. She married Daniel J. Collins on the 13th of September, 1894, at her father's home at the age of 20. In 1880, the family was living in the Locust Grove district of Floyd County.  In 1890, she was about 15 and still living in Locust Grove. Martha is my great grandmother...

3. Bartlett, Martha C.
b. 4-15-1874 Floyd Co., VA, d/o G. R. & Nancy.
1880 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove District, H159: Martha C. 6 yo dau, b. VA.
1890 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove District: Martha C. 15 yo.
Marriage #1: Martha S. Bartlett m. David J. Collins 09-13-1894 at G.R. Bartlett's, Floyd Co., VA by David Sumner. He 23 yo single w/m farmer, b. & living in Floyd Co., VA, s/o John H. & Catherine Collins. She 20 yo single w/f, b. & living in Floyd Co., VA, d/o George R. & Nancy Bartlett.

Saturday, February 22, 2014

George Washington, General, Commander in Chief, and 1st President of the USA

George Washington's Birthday is recognized this month on the 17th and so I thought maybe I would do a blog about him. Nothing fancy, just a quick note to remember the first POTUS.

George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) served as the first President of the United States of America (1789–1797), and led the Continental Army to victory over the Kingdom of Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
The Continental Congress appointed Washington commander-in-chief of the American revolutionary forces in 1775. The following year, he forced the British out of Boston, lost New York City, and crossed the Delaware River in New Jersey, defeating the surprised enemy units later that year. As a result of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured the two main British combat armies at Saratoga and Yorktown. Negotiating with Congress, the colonial states, and French allies, he held together a tenuous army and a fragile nation amid the threats of disintegration and failure. Following the end of the war in 1783, Washington retired to his plantation at Mount Vernon, prompting an incredulous King George III to state, "If he does that, he will be the greatest man in the world."  

George's grandfather is the brother of Anne Minor Wright, my 8th great grandmother, and George's great aunt....

George Washington, 1st President of the USA is my second cousin 8 times removed. 
→ Pop 
your father → Rufus S. Nichols 
his father → Tressie King Nichols 
his mother → Michael O. King 
her father → Margaret Wright King 
his mother → James Wingfield Wright 
her father → William Wright, III 
his father → John Wright Jr 
his father → John Wright, Sr.
his father → Anne Washington Minor - Wright
his mother → Capt. Lawrence Washington
her brother → Capt. Augustine "Gus" Washington, Sr.
his son → George Washington, 1st President of the USA
his son  


Wednesday, February 19, 2014

Ltnt. Governor Thomas Lloyd, Keeper of the Seal #52ancestors

Doctor Thomas Lloyd is my 10th great grandfather. He was a Quaker and a Ltnt. Governor of Pennsylvania, and he is my next story in the #52 ancestors challenge. He left England to escape religious persecution under Charles II like so many other Quakers of his time.... 

THOMAS4 LLOYD (CHARLES3, JOHN2, DAFYDD1 LLWYD) was born February 17, 1640/41 in Dolobran, Montgomeryshire, Wales, and died September 10, 1694 in Philadelphia, PA. He married (1) MARY JONES September 9, 1665 in a Friends 'Meeting in Shrosphire, Wales. He married (2) PATIENCE (GARDINER) STORY ABT 1684.
Immigrated to PA in 1683
Ref: "Colonial & Revolutionary Families of PA", John W. Jordan, Vol. 1, 1911, GPC 1978 reprint
Thomas Lloyd, Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania, 1684-88, and 1690-93, though a consistent member of the Society of Friends and a typical representative of that good old Quaker stock of solid respectability and sterling worth without the ostentation of pomp and display, whose home life lent such a peculiar charm of social life of the City of Brotherly Love, in Colonial days, was nevertheless of royal descent,and traced his ancestry on both maternal and paternal lines back to Edward I., of England, and on more remote paternal lines back through a long line of princes of ancient Britain. The surname of Lloyd had its original with Owen, son of Ievan Teg, otherwise, "Evan the Handsome", whose family had owned and occupied Dolobran, Wales, since 1496, and like all the old Welsh families traced its ancestry back to the Dark Ages. Owen Lloyd married Katherine Vaughn, and his brother, David Lloyd, of Dolobran, married Eva, daughter of David Goch Esq., and David Lloyd, son of David and Eva, had son John Lloyd, grandfather of Governor Lloyd, who married Catharine, daughter of Humphrey Lloyd Wyn, whose father John Lloyd, was a son of Ievan Lloyd and grandson of Owen Lloyd and Katherine Vaughn. John Lloyd, grandfather of Catharine, married Margaret Kynaston, who was a lineal descendant of Edward I., through the following line: Jane, "the fair maid of Kent," granddaughter of Edward I., and daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, married (first Sir Thomas Holland, who was thereupon made Earl of Kent, and (second) Edward, the Black Prince, becoming by the second marriage the mother of Richard II. Her eldest son, Sir Thomas Holland, who succeeded his father of Earl of Kent and was later Marshall of England, had a daughter Eleanor who married (first) roger Mortimer, Earl of March, from which marriage descended Edward IV., and (second) Edward Cherleton , Lord of Powys, by whom she had a daughter Joane, who married Sir John Grey, who in 1418, was created Earl of Tankerville. Henry Grey, Earl of Tankerville, son of Sir John and Joane, married Antigone, daughter of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester who was a son of Henry IV., and had a duaghter Elizabeth, who married Roger Kynaston Esq., and their son, Humphrey Kynaston, was the father of Margaret Kynaston, who married John Lloyd, as above noted, and whose granddaughter Catharine married another John Lloyd, the grandfather of Thomas Lloyd of PA.
Charles Lloyd, of Dolobran, Montgomeryshire, Wales, son of John and Catherine, and father Governor Thomas Lloyd, was born at Dolobran, in 1613. He was a magistrate of Montgomeryshire, and had emblazoned on a panel at Dolobran, his coat-of-arms, with fifteen quarterings, impaled with the armes of his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Stanley, of Knockden, and a descendant of the Earls of Derby. The paternal or Lloyd arms were "azure, a chevron between three cocks argent", and the different quarterings show the descent of Governor Lloyd from the ancient male lines of the Lords of Powys, the cherletons, Greys and Kynastons. The first quarter of the maternal arms in the shield of the Earls of Derby, differenced with a crescent charged with a crescent, which indicates that Thomas Stanley was descended from a second son of a second son.
Issue of Charles and Elizabeth (Stanley)Lloyd, of Dolobran:
Charles, inherited Dolobran, and was ancestor of the Lloyd who founded Lloyd's Banking House, in London;
John, was a clerk in chancery;
Thomas, came to Pennsylvania, in 1683;
Elizabeth, m. Henry Parry, of Penamser, Merionethshire, Wales.
Thomas Lloyd was born at Dolobran, Montgomeryshire, Wales about the year 1640, and was sent to Jesus college, Oxford, where he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, January 29, 1661. both he and his elder brother, Charles, with several others of the gentry of Montgomeryshire, became converted to the faith of the Society of Friends, under the teaching of George Fox in 1663, and both were imprisoned in 1664, and continued nominally prisoners until 1672, when Charles II., by letters patent, dispensed with the laws inflicting punishment for religious offences, when according to Besse, Charles Lloyd, Thomas Lloyd and others "were discharged from Montgomery Gaol." Thomas Lloyd seems, however, to have enjoyed a nominal liberty during at least a portion of this period, as it covers the date of his marriage, and his wife was permitted to visit him while in prison. Thomas Lloyd was a physician while residing in Wales, and had a large practice. Belonging as he did to the gentry class, and being a man of high intellectual ability, he exercised a wide influence in matters of state, though of the proscribed sect religiously. According to "The Friend", it was at his solicitation that Parliament was induced to abolish the long unused writ "de heretico comburendo", with the operation of which the Friends were threatened. He was tendered high place and influence if he would renouce his religion, but adhered to the faith. In 1681 he and his brother Charles held a public disputation at the town hall of Llanwilling, with Right Rev. William Lloyd, Bishop of Asaph, one of the noted prelates whom James II. committed to the Tower.
Thomas Lloyd and his wife and children embarked from London for Pennsylvania, June 10, 1683, on board the same ship with Francis Daniel Pastorius, the "Sage of Germantown," then on his way to take possession of the lands purchased by the Frankfort Company of William Penn, on which was planted the first German Colony in PA. Lloyd and the distinguished German scholar discoursed in Latin and discussed religious and political questions on the voyage, and cemented a friendship that continued through life. They arrived at Philadelphia 6 mo. (August) 20, 1683. On December 2, 1683, William Penn appointed Thomas Lloyd Master of rolls, the office having been created by the Assembly at the request of Penn, its object being to keep an exact record of the laws enacted for the Province, as well as a record of transfers of real estate and other legal documents. Thomas Lloyd was elected a member of the Governor's Council, qualified on 1 mo. 20, 1684, and was elected its president. Before sailing for Englnad, in August of the same year, William Penn executed a commission to his Council to act as Governor in his absence, made Thomas Lloyd Keeper of the Great Seal of the Province, and made him, with James claypoole and Robert Turner, Commissioners of Property, with authority to grant warrants of survey and issue patents to purchasers of land. The commission, vesting the governing power in Council, terminated in 1688, and through Lloyd desired to be relieved from office, Penn's commission arrived 12 mo. 9, 1687/8, vesting the powers of Deputy Governor in Thomas Lloyd, Robert Turner, John Simcock, Arthur Cooke and John Eckley, and this arrangement continued for ten months, when Penn, having offered Lloyd the Lieutenant Governorship, on his declination of the honor, appointed Capt. John Blackwell, then in New England, the Lieutenant Governor, Thomas Lloyd still retaining the positions of Master of Rolls and Keeper of the Great Seal. The administration of Blackwell was far from satisfactory to the Friends, and there was considerable clash between him and Lloyd as Keeper of the Seal, so that when Thomas Lloyd was returned as a member of the Council by Bucks county in March, 1687, Blackwell presented articles of impeachment against him, and failing to eject him from the Council, adjourned that body from time to time whenever Lloyd was present. On Penn's return Blackwell resigned, and on 11 mo. 2, 1689/90, the Council accepted Penn's ultimatum that the whole Council act as the governing body, elected Thomas Lloyd its president, and made him, as Keeper of the Seal, a member of the county court, ex-officio. He was later commissioned Lieutenant Governor and served until the arrival of Governor Fletcher, when he was offered the second place in the government, but declined. Thomas Lloyd died September 10, 1694, after eleven years residence in PA, during eight of which he had served as her chief executive. He was twice married, His first wife, Mary Jones, whom he married 9 mo. 9, 1665, at the Friends' Meeting in Shropshire, Wales, died in PA, and he married (second) Patience Story, a widow of New York, who survived him.
Children of THOMAS LLOYD and MARY JONES are:
i. HANNAH5 LLOYD, b. September 21, 1666; m. (1) JOHN DELAVAL; m. (2) RICHARD HILL.
ii. RACHEL LLOYD, b. January 20, 1666/67; m. SAMUEL PRESTON.
iii. MORDECAI LLOYD, b. December 7, 1669; d. 1694, lost at sea.
iv. JOHN LLOYD, b. February 3, 1670/71; d. 1692, s.p. at Jamacia.
v. MARY LLOYD, b. March 27, 1674; d. 1735; m. ISAAC NORRIS.
2. vi. THOMAS LLOYD, b. September 15, 1675; d. 1718.
3. vii. ELIZABETH LLOYD, b. March 1, 1676/77; d. July 22, 1704.
viii. MARGARET LLOYD, b. February 5, 1679/80; d. September 13, 1693.
ix. DEBORAH LLOYD, b. March 1, 1681/82; m. MORDECAI MOORE.
x. SAMUEL LLOYD, b. 1684, Philadelphia, PA; d. died young.

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Tuesday, February 18, 2014

"Indian Jane" Hubbard, Cherokee #52ancestors

This #52ancestors challenge post is about my 5th great grandmother "Indian Jane"...

--Records for Charles Rakes Sr. pulled from Patrick Co. Va.--

There is a lot of confusion between "Indian Jane", Jane Hubbard, Nancy Hubbard, Nancy Jane Hubbard, and Nancy Jane "Indian Jane" Hubbard as being of the same person.

Charles Rakes 2nd wife: "Nancy Hubbard", which "no records" of any children. He married her at age 76, which not impossible, doubtful of any children.

Her parents were Joseph Hubbard and Ann Crews.
Ann Crews parents were Hardy Crews and Phoebe Doochie/Goochie.
Many publications for Hardy and phoebe, Hardy from Ireland was a land surveyor.
As a record account goes: he chose a beautiful dark-haired Cherokee maiden, named Phoebe Doochie/Goochie.
Phoebe is full blooded Cherokee Indian, of what is now the Smoky mountains area and Cherokee Indian reservation.(This was prior to the building of the fort(Prior to dawes roles)). Early to mid 1700's.

Reports indicate: Cherokee recognize Hardy/Phoebe of pure blood of having both land and rights. Joseph who married their daughter Ann Crews, she would be 1/2 blood Cherokee, which was entitled to NO land, but given all other Cherokee rights.

Joseph was well known by the Cherokee as "good friend", often stopped by on their way to trading.

Charles Rakes Sr 1st wife: Indian Jane has "NO" last name, but had 12 children 11 female 1 male. Records indicate born abt 1740.
Anna,Constant,Jane,Mary Bashie,Sarah,Rhoda,Dorcas,Elizabeth, 3 unknown females,and Samuel Jackson Rakes b.1790. All from Patrick Co. Va.

This is the direct line of Rakes that goes into Winfrey. Charles Rakes Sr daughter:Dorcos Rakes married: Richard R.Winfrey.

As per stories, and publications: Indian Jane's full blooded Cherokee parents were killed during a raid,(sometime after the fort was built and before the trail of tears.)

This left her an orphan baby, which was raised by Joseph Hubbard, he named Jane "Indian Jane" (No records, many different publications).
"This would be the early 1740's which records would be very hard to find if even recorded."

++This is probably where the confusion is about calling her Jane Hubbard....

The marriage to Charles Rakes Sr is also not recorded. All Rakes from Charles Rakes Sr. 1740 to 2012, are directly from "Indian Jane" Which for legal purposes on a marriage certificate would be Jane Hubbard, if the record even exists.

Indian Jane being of full blooded Cherokee Indian.
(Would like to find records of blood parents.)  


Monday, February 17, 2014

Thomas Maybury, Sr., The Iron Master #52ancestors

ref: http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mabry/ameriron.html

This blog is about my 8th ggfather Thomas Maybury, Sr., the next story in the #52ancestors challenge.... 

Thomas Maybury, blacksmith - We believe that the first Maybury iron worker in America was Thomas Maybury "blacksmith", who received a grant of land in Newton Townstead in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1716. We are not sure of all the locations where he worked but we know that he was hired in 1742 to build a bloomery for William Vestal and others on the Shenandoah River in Frederick County, Virginia. Not only did Thomas Maybury head a dynasty of iron masters in his own family but he had other Maybury cousins who were also iron workers in America. Thomas Maybury's name appears in numerous Bucks County court records in which he is called, variously, "Thomas Maybury, blacksmith"; "Thomas Maybury, Sr."; "Thomas Maybury of Newtown"; etc. But by about 1730 the names of several other Mayburys began to appear in the records of the same Bucks County court. It is important to note that ONLY ONE OF THESE, Thomas Maybury, Jr., can be documented as a son of Thomas Maybury, blacksmith:

Sunday, February 16, 2014

9. Tressie King - the 1880 census #52ancestors

1880 United States Federal Census about Teresa M. King
Name: Teresa M. King
Age: 7
Birth Year: abt 1873
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1880: Maggodee, Franklin, Virginia
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital status: Single
Father's Name: M.O. King
Father's Birthplace: Virginia
Mother's Name: Luisa King
Mother's Birthplace: Virginia
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: At Home
Cannot read/write:

View Image
Household Members:
Name Age
M.O. King 32
Luisa King 28
Emma King 11
George W. King 10
Teresa M. King 7
John A. King 5
Joseph V. King 3
Victory J. King 7m

15. Bourne Heritage: Vennie Bourne Akers #52ancestors

Meet Vennie Lee Bourne Akers, my great great grandmother.

Vennie was the daughter of William Emmett Bourne and Mildred Vaughan of the Commonwealth of Virginia. She was born around 1902 and died about 1978. She married William McKinley Akers and had about 6 children. One of them was my grandmother Eula Akers. Mom said she was the sweetest woman on Earth. The family misses her and cannot wait to see her again on the other side.

Saturday, February 15, 2014

14. William McKinley Akers #52ancestors

William McKinley Akers married Vennie Lee Bourne, the daughter of William Bourne and Mildred Vaughan. He was the son of Asa Floyd Akers and Catherine Elizabeth Duncan.

Friday, February 14, 2014

45. Olive King Bartlett #52ancestors #Generation 6

This next post is about Olivia King AKA Olive, Aka Oleva... Although no one seems to be sure of her name or her race she had many children and lived to a ripe old age. And while many people say that she looks Native American, the census bureau assures us she was white....

Born c. 1819 to John King in Floyd, Va., She married Leroy Garner Bartlett, was divorced by 1880, and was living with her daughter and son-in-law in 1900.

Olive King Bartlett is my 3rd great grandmother...                          

Bartlett, Olivia
b. c1819 Floyd Co., VA, d/o John King.
1850 Floyd Co., VA, H102: Olive 31 yo w/f, b. Floyd.
1860 Floyd Co., VA, Copper Hill PO, H397: Olive 41 yo w/f, b. VA.
1870 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove Twp, H191: Olive 51 yo w/f, b. VA, keeping house.
1880 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove District, H155: Olivia Bartlett, 61 yo divorced w/f, b. VA, HOH.
1890 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove District: Olive Bartlett, 71 yo.
1900 Floyd Co., VA, Locust Grove District 20, H196Oliva Bartlet, 80 yo widowed mother-in-law, b. Jan 1819 VA, 1 ch with 1 living, can not write, Andrew Gearheart HOH.

#FotoFriday Linda, Eula and Garnett

Generation 4 #gen4

Click to view the fourth generation of my tree, my great grandparents. #gen4  

Generation 4: Great-Grandparents of Raymond Nichols

8. James Ira Nichols: Born Franklin, VA. 1872. Died [date unknown]. Father of 4. Son of 16 & 17.
9. Teressa M King: Born Franklin, VA. 1872. Died [date unknown]. Mother of 4. Daughter of 18 & 19.
10. David J. Collins: Born Floyd, VA. 12 Jun 1869. Died [date unknown]. Father of 5. Son of 20 & 21.
11. Martha Bartlett: Born [date unknown]. Died [date unknown]. Mother of 5. Daughter of 22 & 23.
12. Burrell Hancock: Born Floyd, Virginia 10 Oct 1890. Died [date unknown]. Father of 6. Son of 24 & 25.
13. Ida Mae Linville: Born [date unknown]. Died [date unknown]. Mother of 6. Daughter of 26 & 27.
14. William McKinley Akers: Born [date unknown]. Died [date unknown]. Father of 7. Son of 28 & 29.

15. Vennie Lee Bourne: Born 1902. Died 1978. Mother of 7. Daughter of 30 & 31.

12 and 13. Burrell Hancock and Ida Mae Linville #52ancestors

Burrell Hancock was the son of Samuel Austin Hancock and Rhoda Lawrence. He married Ida Mae Linville, daughter of Robert Lee Linville and Margaret Elizabeth Johnson, and he and Ida are my great grandparents and my Valentine's Day couple of the year....



Thursday, February 13, 2014

10. David J. Collins AKA Daniel #52ancestors #generation 4

David J. Collins married Martha Bartlett, the daughter of George Riley Bartlett and Nancy King. He was the son of John H. Collins and Catherine Poff Stump. John was Catherine's second husband and I am writing about him today because he is my great grandfather.

David J. Collins m. Martha S. Bartlett 09-13-1894 at G.R. Bartlett's, Floyd Co., VA by David Sumner. He 23 yo single w/m farmer, b. & living in Floyd Co., VA, s/o John H. & Catherine Collins. She 20 yo single w/f, b. & living in Floyd Co., VA, d/o George R. & Nancy Bartlett. Source: FCVA1894_0079. Register: 3. Page: 147.
Though his marriage record says David J. Collins, numerous documents have listed him as Daniel and this made tracking him down difficult. If not for the obituaries of the Floyd website I might never have known his real name or his marriage date. 
David married Martha at her father's home in Floyd, Virginia on September 13th, 1894. He was 23 and his bride was 20 years of age. The ceremony was performed by David Sumner. 

The Ancestor List

The Ancestor List is one's pedigree or bloodline. It is normally numbered using the Ahnen numbering system. Click the tag #ancestorlist or #bloodline to see my actual bloodline... 

Hugh Stamper, Irish Quaker #52ancestors

Hugh Stamper is my fourth great aunt's fifth great grandfather....
My 52 ancestors post today is about Hugh Stamper, an ancestor of Henrietta (White) Linville

From ancestry.com:
"Hugh Stamper, the father-in-law of John Calvert and the father of Judith Stamper Calvert, was imprisoned in Carlisle Castle Prison in 1663 (Cumbria County, England) for his beliefs, and also fined. Shortly after, he must have fled to Ireland.
"County Armagh had become somewhat of a safe haven for Quakers, but still with much prejudice. As the number of Quakers grew, they had established themselves in industries such as linen and wool manufacturing. Although their numbers were small, they controlled a good portion of the economy.
"Lurgan Quakers were instrumental in helping to perpetuate the Quaker religion in County Armagh and the rest of Ireland. Armagh saw more Quaker immigrants come to America than any other county in Ireland, and John Calvert was among them. He came with William Penn's Quakers into Pennsylvania in 1683.
"Hugh and Bridget Stamper continued to follow Quaker teachings, and both remained near Lurgan. When they died, they were buried in what is believed to be the oldest Quaker burial ground in Ireland. The graveyard called Lynastown, was begun by Thomas Lynas, for the purpose of burying his father, William, in 1658. Burials numbering about 200 continued there until 1967. The graveyard wall has been repaired, a new gate was in recent years rebuilt, and a large plaque inside the burial ground has the 200 names engraved on it.
"Hugh Stamper was buried in 9 July 1676, Bridget Stamper, buried 12 January 1681, a son Daniel buried the 24th November 1684, age 28 years, and Sarah Stamper, daughter of Hugh and Bridget, buried the 23 December 1674. There are no gravestones, reflecting the early Quaker belief.
"Of the two remaining known children of Hugh and Bridget Stamper, Judith Calvert (John), went to Pennsylvania with the fleet of William Penn in 1683, and settled on land in Upper Providence Township, later called Delaware County. Judith died sometime after 1704; John Calvert died in 1699, and was buried in Philadelphia."
-------------------- Hugh STAMPER was born about 1620 in Lurgan, Armagh, Ireland. He was buried on 9 Jul 1676 in Lynastown, Armagh, Ireland. Hugh married Bridget.
Bridget was buried on 12 Jan 1681 in Lynastown, Armagh, Ireland. Bridget married Hugh STAMPER.
They had the following children.
F i  Mary STAMPER was born about 1650. F ii  Judith STAMPER was born on 12 May 1652. M iii Hugh STAMPER was born on 14 May 1654 in Bolton-Wood, Cumberland, England. F iv Sarah STAMPER was born about 1660. She died about 1674. She was buried on 23 Dec 1674 in Lynastown, Armagh, Ireland. M v Daniel STAMPER was born about 1670. He died about 1684. He was buried on 24 Nov 1684 in Lynastown, Armagh, Ireland.
(info from Greg Wulker)
Sometime between 1662 and 1663, Hugh Stamper, along with his wife and children removed with a group of Quakers to near Lurgan, county Armagh, Ireland. His name appears on the Hearth Tax list in "Lurgan Town" dated 1663-1665, showing one hearth, and taxed at 2 shillings, the fee at that time.
The removal into Ireland seems to have coincided with the English Parliament passing the Act of Uniformity in 1662. This Act was in part, meant to re-introduce the Book of Common Prayer in England and make it compulsory for religious services. It also required Episcopal ordination for all ministers. Another part of the Act was the Conventicle Act , passed in 1664 which forbade conventicles ( a meeting of unauthorized worship) of more than 5 people who were not members of the same household. The purpose was to prevent dissenting religious groups from meeting. It isn't known if Hugh Stamper left England on his own accord after his 1662 imprisonment, or was forced out of the country with the enactment of the new laws.
Of the two remaining known children of Hugh and Briget Stamper, Judith Calvert Chenoweth (John), went to Pennsylvania with the fleet of William Penn in 1683, and settled on land in Upper Providence Township, later called Delaware County   http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kawbrey/aqwn36.htm#2614   

Sunday, February 9, 2014

8. Jim Nichols - The 1930 Census #52ancestors

1930 United States Federal Census about James I Nichols
Name: James I Nichols
Gender: Male
Birth Year: abt 1873
Birthplace: Virginia
Race: White
Home in 1930: Locust Grove, Floyd, Virginia
Map of Home: View Map
Marital status: Married
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse's Name: Tarisa M Nichols
Father's Birthplace: Virginia
Mother's Birthplace: Virginia
Military Service:
Rent/home value:
Age at first marriage:
Parents' birthplace:
View Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
James I Nichols 57
Tarisa M Nichols 55
Banks Nichols 21
Dack Nichols 18
Robert Nichols 16
Irene Nichols 9

Saturday, February 8, 2014

Margaret Brent, Lord Baltimore's Attorney #52ancestors

Today's #52ancestors entry is about Margaret Brent, my 10th great aunt... 

Margaret Brent (c. 1601 – c. 1671), an English immigrant to the Colony of Maryland, was the first woman in the English North American colonies to appear before a court of the Common Law. She was a significant founding settler in the early histories of the colonies of Maryland and Virginia. Lord Calvert, Governor of the Maryland Colony, appointed her as the executrix of his estate in 1647, at a time of political turmoil and risk to the future of the settlement. She helped ensure soldiers were paid and given food to keep their loyalty to the colony.
With Anne Hutchinson, Brent ranks among the most prominent women figures in early Colonial American history. Hailed as a feminist by some in modern times in advancing rights of women under the laws, her insistent advocacy of her legal prerogatives as an unmarried gentlewoman of property, while notable in its exceptional energy, was consistent with English law.[1]    
Born in GloucestershireEngland, Margaret Brent and her siblings were all adults when they emigrated from England. She was one of six daughters (of a total of thirteen children) of the Lord of Admington and Lark Stoke, Richard Brent, and his wife Elizabeth Reed (daughter of Edward Reed, Lord of Tusburie and Witten).[2] Although Richard Brent served as the local sheriff, and the family was at least nominally part of the Church of England, their religion and political loyalty became suspect when one daughter (Catherine) proclaimed her return to the Catholic church and emigrated to Belgium. Under the religious name Christina, she ultimately became abbess of the English convent of Our Lady of Consolation in Cambrai), and was joined by two more sisters during the drawn out religious conflicts which culminated in the English Civil War.[3][4]    
Margaret, her sister Mary, and her brothers Giles Brent and Fulke Brent sailed together from England and arrived at St. Mary'sMaryland on November 22, 1638, where they hoped to improve their fortunes.[5] In England the father's estate went to the eldest son, and the remainder of the children had to make their own ways. Margaret Brent was about 37 and unmarried.
In the colony, the Brents secured large land grants and corresponding political offices due to their prestigious ancestry and/or political affiliations. Fulke Brent returned to England, but the other three stayed on in Maryland. On October 4, 1639, Margaret Brent became the first Maryland female land owner. She obtained the first recorded land grant in St. Mary's, a 70.5-acre (285,000 m2) patent, with which she and her sister Mary established the "Sister's Freehold", and an adjacent 50 acres (200,000 m2) titled St. Andrew's. The Brent sisters had land entitlement letters from Maryland's Proprietary Governor, awarding them land portions equal in size to those of arrivals in Maryland in 1634. Their initial entitlement was enlarged to 800 acres (3.2 km2) per sister. Later, Giles Brent transferred a 1,000-acre (4 km2) land tract on Kent Island, Maryland to Margaret as payment of a debt he owed his sister, although he may have continued to manage it himself.
Margaret Brent also received credit or headrights for the five men and four women servants she had brought with her, and additional headrights for indentured servants she later imported (some of whose indentures she sold to other colonists).[5]The colony's Proprietor issued headrights to encourage the gentry and sea captains to transport workers for labor in the growing colony. However, records concerning her trading or exercise of the headrights are missing, whether because lost or nonexistent, given the colony's instability. Brent became an ally of the governor, Leonard Calvert. Together they became guardians of seven-year-old Mary Kittamaquund, the daughter of a Piscataway chief, whose deathly ill son had recovered under the ministrations of Jesuit Rev. Andrew White. The colonists promised to educate the young girl in English language and culture. In 1644, Giles Brent married Mary Kittamaquund. Upon her father's death, he asserted his rights to tribal lands, contrary to both tribal custom and Governor Calvert's own claims.[5]
Meanwhile, by the mid-1640s, the English Civil War spilled over to Maryland. Protestant sea captain Richard Ingle raided the colony and burned down structures in early 1645. Ingle was an ally of Virginia trader William Claiborne who disputed Catholic Giles Brent's establishment of a rival trading post on Kent Island. Ingall took Acting Governor Giles Brent (who had briefly imprisoned him for high treason the previous year), and both Jesuit priests as prisoners back to England.[6] GovernorLeonard Calvert, when he returned, recruited armed men from across the Potomac River in the nearby colony of Virginia for help against the raiders. The raiders were repulsed. However, the colony had been reduced to about 100 residents, and Calvert fell sick and died before paying the mercenaries. The dying man reportedly told his sister-in-law Margaret Brent, whom he named his executrix, "Take all, spend all."[7] Brent liquidated his estate to pay the soldiers who had saved the colony, which later caused a controversy with the governor's surviving brother, Lord Baltimore.
Lord Baltimore had always managed his proprietorship from England, where he worked to keep political support for the colony, as well as to prove his loyalty (as a Catholic) to the new government of Protestants. He had appointed his brother as governor and to manage his lands. During the emergency after Calvert's death, the Provincial Court on January 3, 1648 appointed Brent attorney-in-fact for Lord Baltimore, as there was no time to contact him about financial matters, and he had not appointed a successor to Calvert. She collected his rents and paid his debts.[5]
Thus, as Lord Baltimore's representative (as well as Calvert's executrix and a landowner in her own right), on January 21, 1648, Brent attended the provincial assembly, where she requested a voice in the council, as well as two votes in its proceedings (one as an independent landowner and the other as Lord Baltimore's attorney.)[8] Governor Thomas Greene refused her request, as the assembly at the time considered such privileges for women to be reserved for queens. Brent left but said that she "Protested against all proceedings ... unless she may be present and have vote as aforesaid."[5]
That same day, Brent called for corn to be brought from Virginia to feed the hungry troops camped at St. Mary's. Some accounts suggest that she had spent all of Leonard Calvert's personal estate by this time, and proceeded to sell Lord Baltimore's cattle to pay the soldiers' wages, although there is disagreement among historians on this matter. English law would not permit the sale of such possessions without a court order or a special act of the legislature. But Calvert's lands and buildings were added into the inventory of his estate. Brent and then Governor William Stone also disagreed upon the act of a sale of a 100-acre (0.4 km2) land tract entitled "The Governor's Field".
Brent appeared at the assembly a final time as Lord Baltimore's attorney, on February 9, 1648 in a case against Thomas Cornwallis. She may have been replaced by Thomas Hatton, the new Provincial secretary.
From England, Lord Baltimore wrote to the assembly objecting to the sale of any of his property after the death of his brother.[5] He may have been suspicious of Brent's motives in managing his assets, or not realized that the colony had been in danger of extinction, had the mercenaries not been paid to leave. While the assembly had refused to give Margaret Brent a vote, it defended her stewardship of Lord Baltimore's estate, writing to him on April 21, 1649, that it "was better for the Colony's safety at that time in her hands than in any man's ... for the soldiers would never have treated any others with that civility and respect ...".[5][9]     
Given Lord Baltimore's (and Governor Stone's) hostility to the Brent family, Giles and his young wife Mary moved toChopawamsic Island in the Potomac River in 1649, then to Virginia's Northern Neck in 1650. The two sisters, Margaret and Mary Brent, also bought Virginia land starting in 1647, and they moved by 1650. They lived on a plantation called "Peace" in what was then Westmoreland County, Virginia.[9][10] No records exist of her practice as an attorney in Virginia, but records do exist of her sagacious land investments, including in what during the following century became Old Town Alexandria, Virginia[11] and Fredericksburg, Virginia, as well as George Washington's Mt. Vernon. Margaret Brent also held festive annual court leets for her people.[citation needed]
Neither she nor her sister Mary ever married; they were among the very few unmarried English women of the time in the Chesapeake colony, when men outnumbered women there by 6:1 (but most were lower class indentured workers). Historian Lois Greene Carr believes the two sisters had taken vows of celibacy under Mary Ward's Institute in England.[5]
In 1658 Mary Brent died, leaving her entire estate of 1000 acres (4 km2) to her sister.[5] In 1663 Margaret Brent wrote her will. In 1670 she assigned one half of her 2,000 acres (8 km2) in Maryland to her nephew, James Clifton. Most of the remainder went to her brother Giles and his children. She died at "Peace", in the newly created Stafford County, Virginia in 1671.[5] Her will was admitted into probate on May 19, 1671. In 1687, King James II granted 30,000 acres of land in Stafford County to her great-nephew George Brent (the only Catholic ever elected to the House of Burgesses) and three London residents and specifically allowed them to practice the Roman Catholic religion.[12][13]
Exact dates of Margaret Brent's birth and death are not known, in part because Brent family estates were burned by British raiders in the American Revolutionary War and War of 1812. Furthermore, Union troops vandalized the Brent family graveyard (on George Brent's property) during the Civil War. The remaining gravestones were documented by a WPA historian, and the property acquired and preserved by a local church.[14]     

  • Margaret Brent is memorialized at Historic St. Mary's City. The museum at the former site of Maryland's colonial capital features her in exhibits and explains that she did not advocate for all women's rights, only her own right to execute Lord Baltimore's estate as he intended.[15] The St. John's site archaeology museum, located above the exposed foundations of the house where Brent appealed to the Assembly, includes an exhibit devoted to her life. The Historic St. Mary's City grounds also include a garden dedicated in memory of Brent.
  • A street on the campus of the neighboring St. Mary's College of Maryland is named Margaret Brent Way.
  • In 1978, Virginia erected a historical marker in Jones Point Park commemorating Mistress Margaret Brent's fight for women's rights, as well as her ownership of the land which became Alexandria, Virginia.[11]
  • In 1998, Virginia erected a historical highway marker commemorating Margaret, Giles and Mary Brent for constructing the first Roman Catholic Settlement in Virginia, along historic Route 1 near the former Brent family graveyard.[16]
  • In 2010, Virginia erected a historical highway marker (about a mile south of the 1998 religious markers) noting Margaret Brent's role as guardian for Mary Kittamaquund.[17]
  • Several public schools in the state of Maryland are named for her, such as Margaret Brent Middle School.
  • In 2004, Stafford County, Virginia opened Margaret Brent Elementary School.[18]




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